- Friz, Andreas
- Known name forms: Friz, Andreas Fritz, Andreas
- Born: 1711, died: 1790
Andreas Friz (also spelled Fritz) was born in 1711 in Barcelona into a German family. His father Adrian von Friz was Hoffourier (court harbinger) in the court of Archduke Charles, who had his court in Barcelona between 1705 and 1711. His brother Edmund, who also became a Jesuit, was born in 1714.
Andreas Friz entered the Jesuit order in Vienna in 1726. After this he studied in Vienna and Graz, and taught grammar and poetics at Linz. He also taught for a year in Bratislava. In 1738 he published his first work there, a Latin tragedy entitled Zrinyius ad Szigethum about the heroic but unsuccessful defence of the fortress Szigetvár in southwestern Hungary in 1566 by the Croatian nobleman Miklós Zrínyi (1508-1566). After this, he returned to Graz, where he finished his theology studies. In 1745 he became a professor of repetentia humaniorum at Szakolca and Györ. By 1747 Friz had returned to Vienna. He worked as a historiographer at the Novitiate house and taught theology at the university. He next became prefect and Greek professor at the Theresianum in Vienna. In 1771 he moved to Gorizia (then part of the Habsburg empire and now in Italy), where he died in November 1790.
Apart from a number of periochs, several printed books by Friz are extant. In 1757, four of his plays (two tragedies and two shorter plays, including the short plays Alexis and Salomon and the tragedy Codrus, which were also included in the manuscript of his poetics) appeared in print. His plays Penelope and Julius Martyr first appeared as separate editions in 1761 and were included in a collection of plays and speeches in 1764. A German translation of this collection was also published, which was so popular that a second edition was made. The short play Psychis is only extant in the manuscript containing Friz’s poetics. During his lifetime, the plays Salomon, Alexis, Codrus and his first play Zrinius acta Posonii, along with a declamation entitled Psychis seu declamatio in materia sacra, sub schemate amorem Dei filii erga nos exhibens (acta Graecii a Patre Andrea Friz) on a similar theme to the play Psychis, were also included in a manuscript from Trnava, now in the National Széchényi Library in Hungary and associated with the Hungarian Jesuit József Bartakovics (1722-1763). Apart from this manuscript, some plays were also included in other eighteenth century manuscripts in Hungary, as well as several Hungarian translations of the plays.